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Honoring Military Dogs on Memorial Day

Memorial Day serves as a solemn occasion for reflection and homage to those who have paid the ultimate price for our freedom. Originally established to honor Union and Confederate soldiers who died in the American Civil War, the day has grown to recognize American military personnel who have died in all wars.

It is a day when the nation pauses to acknowledge the courage and sacrifices of those who have laid down their lives to protect our liberties. Thus, ensuring that their valor and dedication are remembered across generations. This day of remembrance underscores our gratitude to the brave men and women who, through their indomitable spirit and profound bravery, have upheld the values and freedoms we cherish as a nation.

Alongside these human heroes, there are also lesser-known warriors: the military dogs. Throughout history, from World Wars to modern conflicts, these canine heroes have served in various crucial roles. They have worked as messengers, sentries, and in search and rescue, and today they continue to serve in bomb detection and therapy roles, among other tasks.

These dogs embody the same spirit of duty and bravery as their human counterparts, making significant contributions to military operations and often saving lives with their unique skills and unwavering loyalty.

This Memorial Day, let us extend our recognition to these valiant dogs by sharing and celebrating their stories.

Title - "Honoring Military Dogs On Memorial Day". with picture of the War Memorial IN Washington DC

Canine Military Heroes

We will spotlight four remarkable military dogs – Chips, Judy, Sergeant Stubby, and Smoky – whose loyalty and bravery exemplify the spirit and courage of all military working dogs.

Chips (World War Two)

Chips was a notable World War II canine hero, a mixed breed dog with Husky, Collie, and German Shepherd heritage. He was donated by his family, as part of the “Dogs for Defense” program, which recruited family pets for military service.

Chips served as a sentry dog for the Third Infantry Division and is best known for his heroic actions during the invasion of Sicily in 1943. During a machine-gun fire attack, Chips broke free from his handlers and attacked an enemy gun nest, forcing the entire crew to surrender. The feat was extraordinary as it involved subduing four enemy soldiers single-handedly.

On the same day, Chips also played a crucial role in capturing ten Italian soldiers, further demonstrating his invaluable contributions to the operation. This act of bravery not only saved his platoon but also significantly disrupted enemy activities.

For his gallant actions, Chips was awarded the Silver Star and the Purple Heart; however, these were later revoked due to the policy against officially recognizing animals for their war efforts. Despite this, Chips’ courageous acts remain a testament to the vital roles that animals can play in military operations.

He returned home a hero and lived out the rest of his life with his family, embodying the spirit of loyalty and bravery that defines military working dogs.

Judy (World War Two)

Judy, an English Pointer, played a remarkable role during World War II, showcasing not only bravery but also a deep bond with her human counterparts. Born in Shanghai in 1936 and later enlisted into the Royal Navy, Judy began her military career aboard the HMS Gnat and HMS Grasshopper, serving as a ship’s dog.

Her heroics became particularly noteworthy during an incident when the Grasshopper was bombed and sunk by Japanese aircraft in the South China Sea. Stranded with the ship’s crew on a deserted island, Judy’s keen senses proved life-saving. She discovered a fresh water source, crucial for the survival of the sailors during a period when resources were dire.

Following this, Judy and the crew were captured and became prisoners of war. Despite the harsh conditions of the POW camps, Judy’s indomitable spirit never waned. She continued to aid and protect her fellow inmates. Judy would intervene during beatings by placing herself between the prisoners and their captors, risking her own life to prevent further abuse.

For her unwavering courage and loyalty, Judy was recognized with the prestigious Dickin Medal in 1946, an award often referred to as the animal equivalent of the Victoria Cross. She was the only animal officially registered as a prisoner of war during World War II, a testament to her significant impact and the deep respect she garnered both during and after the war.

Sergeant Stubby (World War One)

Sergeant Stubby, a stray dog who wandered onto the Yale University training ground for the 102nd Infantry in Connecticut, quickly became an indispensable member of the Infantry during World War I. Adopted by Private J. Robert Conroy, Stubby was smuggled into France, where he and his regiment faced the brutal realities of trench warfare.

Stubby’s keen instincts and senses proved exceptionally useful on the front lines. He was known for his ability to hear the whine of incoming artillery shells before humans could, alerting soldiers to take cover. His sensitive nose also detected mustard gas attacks, allowing him to warn his unit and save many lives.

Stubby even learned to locate wounded soldiers in no man’s land, leading medics to their positions under cover of darkness.

One of his most famous exploits occurred when he caught a German spy mapping out the layout of the Allied trenches. Stubby attacked the spy and held him by the seat of his pants until American soldiers arrived to capture him.

For this act, he was promoted to the rank of Sergeant, making him the first dog to be promoted in combat in U.S. military history.

After the war, Stubby became a national hero and was often featured in parades and public events. He met several U.S. presidents and was awarded numerous medals for his bravery, including a specially designed gold medal from the Humane Education Society.

Smoky (World War Two)

Smoky, a small Yorkshire Terrier, became an unexpected hero during World War II. She weighed only four pounds and stood seven inches tall, but her contributions were monumental. Smoky was discovered in 1944 by an American soldier in a foxhole in the jungles of New Guinea.

The soldier initially sold her to Corporal William Wynne for two Australian pounds, unaware that this tiny dog would go on to become a war hero.

Smoky’s military career included numerous combat flights and accompanying her owner on missions in the Pacific. Despite her small size, she provided significant emotional support to the troops, which was vital under the harsh conditions of war.

One of her most famous feats occurred when she helped engineers build a vital airbase at Lingayen Gulf, Luzon. The task required running a telegraph wire through a 70-foot pipe that was just 8 inches in diameter. Smoky pulled the wire through the narrow pipe, saving the construction time and keeping the engineers safe from enemy fire.

Her actions not only saved hours of labor but potentially saved lives as well by preventing exposure to enemy attacks during the installation of the telegraph line. Smoky’s work as a war dog demonstrated the significant impact that animals could have in military efforts, despite her small stature.

After the war, Smoky became famous as the “first therapy dog,” visiting injured soldiers in hospitals, which helped pave the way for the concept of therapy animals assisting in recovery and emotional support for veterans and others experiencing trauma.

For more detail on these canine heroes or even more military dog stories check out our list of resources at the end of this post.


As we reflect on the stories of military working dogs like Smoky, whose courage and determination exceeded all expectations, it’s clear that these canine heroes deserve our recognition and respect. They not only fulfilled critical roles in times of conflict but also provided companionship and comfort to their fellow soldiers.

As we honor our human heroes, let us also remember the bravery of these remarkable animals. Their loyalty and bravery are a profound reminder of the enduring bonds between humans and dogs, and their service to our nations should never be forgotten.

Military Canine Heroes Resources: